Visas for 10,000 Sikhs for the 550th birthday celebrations of Guru Nanak & Kartarpur border

The Indian government resumed talks with Pakistan on Wednesday to open the Kartarpur border crossing as Indian High Commissioner Ajay Bisaria toured the area. India’s Punjab Assembly passed a unanimous resolution on Monday to take up the issue of opening the border crossing for the 550th birthday celebrations of Guru Nanak.
Bisaria was debriefed regarding the Sikh holy place in Kartarpur, located about 13 kilometres east of Narowal and less than five kilometres from the border with India.
Earlier, Chief of the Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa spoke of opening the border in Kartarpur for the anniversary of Guru Nanak with former Indian cricketer Navjot Singh Sidhu at Prime Minister Imran’s oath taking ceremony.
In April, the Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) and the Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (PSGPC) decided to grant visas to 10,000 Sikhs from India to participate in the 550th birthday celebrations of Baba Guru Nanak.
Pakistani officials have given a green signal to Shiromani committee, the largest representatives of Sikhs, and other small groups to take part in the celebrations.
After mutual consultation, the two bodies decided that the number of pilgrims, in accordance with the 1974 Pakistan-India Protocol on Visits to Religious Shrines, will be increased from 3,000 to 10,000. Further, there will be no restrictions on the number of Sikhs coming to Pakistan from other countries.
Pakistan will issue visas to the Shiromani community and other groups, according to the quota. All such groups will provide a list of pilgrims to EPTB; no other individual apart from these will be granted a visa.
Approximately 0.1 million Sikhs want to visit Pakistan from India, Canada, the United States, Malaysia and several other countries. However, making preparations for and ensuring the security of all attendees on such a large scale is not possible, said an EPTB senior official while speaking to Express News.
However, the final decision on the matter rests with the government and the federal interior ministry.
Although Guru Nanak’s 550th birthday is in November later this year according to the Roman calendar, the Sikh community will celebrate the occasion according to the Nanak Shahi calendar in November 2019.
Federal Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousuf has already announced plans to issue a memorable coin commemorating the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak.

Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartapur is about 100-km from Lahore and 180 Km, from Nanakana Sahib via Lahore. Before the Partition of 1947 it was part of district Gurdaspur but later became part of District Sialkot. But then the Sialkot was bifurcated and Narowal carved out as a district. It is also called Dera Nanak Baba.
There is a nearby railway connection which is named ‘Darbar Sahib Kartarpur’ on the Lahore-Chak Amru line.  On the Indian side it is opposite to: Village & Post Office, Police Station Dera Baba Nanak, Tehsil Batala, Distt. Gurdaspur Dera Baba Nanak is 54 Km from Amritsar, 35 km from Batala and 39 Km from Gurdaspur
The gurudwara (Sikhs’ temple) is located next to a small village called Kothay Pind on the west bank of the Ravi River. The original abode established by Guru Nanak was washed in floods.
The present gurdwara was originally built at a cost of Rs.1,35,600, from funds donated by Sardar Popindar Singh, the Maharaja of Patiala.  It was repaired by the government of Pakistan in 1995 incurring expenditure in millions of rupees. It has a spacious and beautiful building.
The gurudwara at Kartarpur can be seen from another gurudwara located across the border in the historical town of Dehra Baba Nanak in India
From the main road to the village where this gurdwara is located, upon turning towards Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib, one experiences being close to the nature. The beautiful sight of green fields welcomes you.
The village kids running around, the bull-carts moving slowly on the road. Mud houses, tube-wells drawing water to irrigate fields and then you will see the white structure of the gurudwara standing silently amid green fields and under a blue sky.
This was the sight I may never forget. I felt like that a dove is sitting among the fields or a ‘father’ is standing tall in the middle looking for his lost and estranged sons. Unlike other holy places of Sikh religion in Pakistan, this gurdwara is one of its own kinds, especially, because of its scenic location. According to the Sikh history, Kartarpur is the historical place where Baba Guru Nanak Ji departed from this world on 23rd Assu, Samvat 1596 (22nd Sept. 1529 AD).
The history of Kartarpur is very fascinating. According to Sikh historians in the year 1520, Mughal King Babar attacked India. His troops slaughtered thousands of innocent civilians. Women and children were made captives and all their property looted at Amiabad. Guru Nanak Sahib challenged this act of barbarity in strong words. He was arrested and released, shortly after Babar realised his highhandedness. All the prisoners were also released.
After the release, Guru Nanak Sahib settled down at Kartarpur city which was founded by him in 1522 and spent the rest of his life there (1522-1539). There started daily kirtan and langar (free food for the poor) was introduced. Knowing that the end was drawing near, Guru Nanak Sahib, after testing his two sons and some followers, installed Bhai Lehna Ji (Guru Angad Sahib) as the Second Nanak in 1539, and after a few days passed onto Sachkhand on 22nd September, 1539.
According to Sikh history when Guru Nanak died, Hindus and Muslims disagreed on how to perform his last rites. A samadh (Hindu tradition) lies in the Gurudwara and a grave (according to Muslim traditions) lies on the premises as a reminder of this discord.
When it became clear that the death of Guru Nanak Dev was near, a dispute is said to have arisen amongst his followers. His Hindu followers wanted to cremate the remains as per Hindu tradition, while his Muslim followers wanted to bury the body as per Islamic traditions.
Nanak brokered a compromise by suggesting that each group should place a garland of flowers beside his body, and those whose garland remained fresh after three days could dispose of his body according to their tradition. It is said that the next morning, upon raising the cloth under which the Guru’s body lay, only the flowers shared between his followers were found. The Hindus cremated their flowers whereas the Muslims buried theirs.
There are historical references that Guru was against division of society on the lines of Muslims and Hindus (and Sikhs). Guru insisted that both Muslims and Hindus should observe the values of the respective faiths and that leading truthful life was important. Muslims treated him like a ‘murshad’ and the Hindus referred as the guru.
Sikhs believe that since Guru Nanak never tolerated divisions on the lines of religions, Kartarpur can’t be divided. You can’t keep it in a sectarian way. This aspect was well demonstrated in 1947 when Sir Ceril Radcliffe drew boundary-line between India and Pakistan. According to June 3, 1947 division plan the whole of Gurdaspur had gone to Pakistan. That meant Kartarpur going deep in the Pakistani territory. But the plan didn’t work and had to be amended. Now the District of Gurdaspur was bifurcated and the line that bisected Kartarpur finally worked — hence two of the temples going to Pakistani side and one remaining in the Indian.
The plan worked but Kartarpur remained abandoned for 56 years and wild shrubs have grown all around its building, just like the political animosity between the two countries.
Later, Both India and Pakistan governments reached an agreement to build the corridor from Dera Baba Nanak to Kartarpur Sahib, about 4 kilometer distance, sometime in 1998, in order to enable the Sikh pilgrims to visit Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan without visa or passport. But there has been no progress in that regard and both the sides are to be blamed for that officialdom. Various organisations had been taking up the issue for the construction of the corridor.
Sikh devotees often gather near border fence and offer prayers while looking at Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan. The Border Security Force has specially constructed ‘Darshan Sthal’ by providing binoculars to the visiting devotees for a clear view of the gurdwara.
No doubt it is a high time when Kartarpur Dera Sahib Gudwara could play a vital role for a long-term peace in the region, as some experts say that Kartarpur-Dera Sahib can be used as corridor to peace in the region.
Seventy Two years (2018) has passed since the Partition and finally India and Pakistan moved one step ahead toward peace. Recently the foreign ministers meeting in Islamabad regarding visa liberation may be remembered as a landmark but it is not just enough. We need to move further close and should welcome each other with open arms. It is time to make your voice heard since peace alone could end hatred that has been growing over the years. This is the cause we all should advocate.



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South Punjab News : Visas for 10,000 Sikhs for the 550th birthday celebrations of Guru Nanak & Kartarpur border
Visas for 10,000 Sikhs for the 550th birthday celebrations of Guru Nanak & Kartarpur border
In April, the Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) and the Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (PSGPC) decided to grant visas to 10,000 Sikhs from India to participate in the 550th birthday celebrations of Baba Guru Nanak
South Punjab News
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