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    Tuesday, 31 July 2018

    Roadside bomb hits Afghan bus, killing 26, wounding 40

    A suicide bomb and gun attack by militants on an Afghan government building in Jalalabad on Tuesday killed at least 26 people including 15 passengers of a bus , some burned “beyond recognition”, officials said, the latest in a series of assaults on the eastern city.
    On the other side of the country, a roadside bomb apparently intended for security forces hit a passenger bus and killed 11 people, marking yet another bloody day for civilians who have borne the brunt of violence in Afghanistan.
    The attack in Jalalabad targeted the compound of the refugees and repatriations department. It ended after more than five hours of intense fighting between militants and security forces, said Attaullah Khogyani, spokesman for the governor of Nangarhar province.
    At least 15 people were killed and the same number were wounded, Khogyani said. Provincial health director Najibullah Kamawal said some of the dead were “burned beyond recognition”.cker blowing up a bomb-laden car at the entrance as local representatives of foreign donors and agencies were meeting department employees inside the building.
    “About 10 minutes before the end of the meeting we heard an explosion and then gunfire,” a government official told AFP.
    “We looked down and saw two attackers entering the building. I and a number of other people at the meeting escaped to a corner on the top floor. I don't know what happened to the others.” The driver for one of the people at the meeting said he was on the third floor when the attack began.
    “People started screaming and running around,” he told AFP.
    “I jumped from the third floor onto a wall and then into the lane.” Several people were taken hostage by the attackers, said Zabiullah Zmarary, a provincial council member.
    “I saw a black Corolla car drop three armed men at the gate of the refugees and repatriations department,” a witness told AFP.
    Khogyani said the two attackers who stormed the compound were killed.
    Security forces swarmed into the area, and a plume of thick black smoke rose into the sky above the compound.
    The Taliban denied involvement in the incident in a WhatsApp message sent to journalists.
    There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack, which comes three days after militants raided a midwife training centre in Jalalabad.
    The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for Saturday's attack, which left at least three people dead and several wounded.
    Jalalabad has been the scene of multiple attacks in recent months that have killed dozens, as US and Afghan forces continue offensives against militants.

    Civilians under attack

    In the western province of Farah on Tuesday the bomb which hit the bus killed at least 11 people and wounded 31.
    “It was a bomb planted by the Taliban to hit security forces but... it got a passenger bus,” Farah provincial police spokesman Muhibullah Muhib told AFP.
    There was no immediate confirmation from the Taliban that they were responsible.
    In a separate incident, 22 passengers travelling on a Kabul-bound bus in the eastern province of Paktia were kidnapped by gunmen on Monday night.
    Officials blamed the Taliban for both incidents.
    Most of the attacks in Jalalabad have been claimed by IS, which has a relatively small but potent presence in Afghanistan, mainly in the east and north.
    It is not clear why the militants targeted the refugees and repatriations department, but government buildings are frequently hit.
    On July 11 gunmen raided an education department compound in Jalalabad, sparking an hours-long battle with security forces.
    At least 11 people were killed in that attack. All were employees of the education department branch and included the director.
    A suicide bombing claimed by IS on a crowd of Afghan Sikhs and Hindus in Jalalabad on July 1 killed 19 people and wounded 21.
    IS emerged in Afghanistan in 2014 and quickly established a stronghold in Nangarhar, which borders Pakistan.A roadside bomb hit a Kabul-bound passenger bus in restive western Afghanistan on Tuesday, killing at least eight people and wounding around 40, mostly women and children, officials said.
    "It was a bomb planted by the Taliban to hit security forces but... it got a passenger bus," Farah provincial police spokesman Muhibullah Muhib told AFP.
    There was no immediate confirmation from the Taliban that they were responsible for the blast.
    Afghanistan's largest militant group is very active in the region and often uses improvised explosive devices (IEDs) against Afghan and foreign forces.
    The passenger bus began its journey in the western city of Herat and was driving towards the Afghan capital.
    The explosion happened as it travelled through Bala Baluk district of Farah at 4:30 am (0000 GMT), provincial governor spokesman Naser Mehri told AFP.
    Around a dozen of the wounded — mostly members of the Hazara ethnic group — were taken to a hospital in Herat.
    Most of them were suffering from head injuries and broken bones, Ibrahim Mohammadi, a doctor at the hospital, told AFP.
    Among the wounded was Mohammad Zahir, 40, who had been travelling with his newly married daughter to visit relatives in Kabul.
    "The bus was driving on the main road when I heard a big bang," Zahir told AFP.
    "When I woke up I found myself in the hospital. I still don´t know what´s happened to my daughter."
    A photo posted on social media purportedly of the bus showed the vehicle's blackened shell and dozens of Afghan men at the scene.
    Some were peering inside the bus, while others were walking through the wreckage.
    Civilians have borne the brunt of the 17-year conflict and IEDs, such as remotely detonated or pressure-plate bombs, are one of the main causes of casualties.
    Such IEDs caused 877 civilian casualties in the first half of 2018 — 232 deaths and 645 wounded — accounting for 17 percent of overall casualties, the latest UN figures show.
    A total of 1,692 civilians were killed in the conflict during the first six months of this year.
    That was the highest number of fatalities for the period since the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan began keeping records in 2009.
    Another 3,430 people were wounded in the war, down five per cent from the same period last year, the report said.
    The Taliban has a heavy presence across western Afghanistan, particularly in Farah. It launched a major attempt to take over the provincial capital in May, triggering intense fighting with US and Afghan forces.
    After a day-long battle, the Taliban fighters were forced to the outskirts of the city. 
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