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    Thursday, 13 July 2017

    Kidnapped children sold into slavery as camel racers

    At least 30 to 40 boys a month are being kidnapped from Rahim yar khan,Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad and other cities in Pakistan to feed the banned slave trade in racing camel jockeys in the United Arab Emirates.According to a human rights organisation in Pakistan, the number of boys - often as young as four - smuggled abroad to work at camel camps is rapidly rising.  NGO claimed that 2,000 boys have been taken to the camps over the last two years, despite laws introduced in the UAE in 1998 forbidding the use of small boys in the often dangerous sport.The trade in boys for camel racing has long been the subject of a campaign by both the UN and Anti-Slavery International. Evidence, however, suggests the practice is becoming more prevalent.According to a report last year by Anti-Slavery International, the children are often kidnapped, sold by their parents or relatives, or taken on false pretences.In the UAE the boys are often underfed and subjected to crash diets to make them as light as possible. Some children have reported being beaten while working as jockeys, and others have been seriously injured during races. Inspite of elapsing 19 years UAE Government failed to stop this inhuman practice which made hundreds of boys insane.The UAE government said it was doing its best to eradicate the practice and that 'any camel owners found to be in breach of the rules should be severely punished'.Anti-slavery campaigners have had some successes in returning camel slaves. Two years ago an eight-year-old Pakistani boy, who had allegedly been kidnapped to work as a camel jockey, was repatriated by the authorities.He was one of the luckier ones. A four-year-old jockey from Bangladesh was found abandoned and close to death in the desert. In 2000, Anti-Slavery International reported the case of a four-year-old jockey from Bangladesh whose employer burnt him on his legs for under-performing. The boy was left crippled.
    Twenty three-year-old Muhammad Shafiq struggles to cope up with his laundry job in Faisalabad’s Child Protection and Welfare Bureau (CPWB), a government organisation that rehabilitates special and deprived children.

    He is working on a two-year contract on a monthly salary of Rs17,000 and resides in one of the compounds provided by the CPWB. The CPWB’s Supervisor Ghulam Murtaza says the young man is mentally unfit. He says that Shafiq, like many others in the district, is suffering because of the abuse faced as a child camel jockey in the Gulf States.
    Shafiq’s case is not an isolated one. At least hundreds of boys who returned to Pakistan in deplorable conditions years ago are still suffering from the trauma.
    The sport, popularity of which rivals that of Formula One, was for years powered by the key ingredient of young boys as jockeys. Being young, they were light and would scream loudly spurring the camels. A steady supply of children from Pakistan satiated the hunger for such jockeys.
    The practice continued unabated till the early 2000s when laws, and some technology, sought to put an end to this dark chapter. In 2002, Pakistan ratified the Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance (PACHTO) banning trafficking of children to the UAE and other Arab countries.
    The same year, the UAE also introduced laws against the use of children under the age of 15 as camel jockeys. However, this law was not actively enforced till 2005 when the Unicef and some other organisations helped end the trend of using boys as camel jockeys.
    A lifetime of pain
    Born on July 8, 1994, in Dera Ghazi Khan, Shafiq could not even recall his mother’s name or any of his siblings due to his unfit mental condition. While speaking to media he said, “My father passed away in 2002 but I do not know my mother’s whereabouts.” He added, “My aunt Kausar Bibi took me to her house after the death of my father.”
    “I do not remember the exact date but it was in 2002 when my aunt sent me to Dubai. She sold me to Sheikh Muhammad Bin Irshad for 500 dirhams, who was a police incharge,” he revealed.
    Shafiq added, “Irshad sent us to a camel farm situated in Abu Dhabi where we remained there for over three years.”
    He lamented, “I used to work from morning to night and my duties included cleaning the camels, training them, setting up tents and take part in camel races for which I was given training for six months.”
    “During this period, I was severely beaten and tortured by the trainers. I also suffered injuries after falling off camels during different races,” he pointed out.
    Shafiq tells “Such incidents are common in a camel race and those people used to torture us when we made mistakes.”
    He claimed that he won a number of races during his stay in UAE but he was never given a single penny. “My caretakers would use the prize money. Initially, I was scared but later I learnt the camel riding skills. I used to work seven days a week in extreme heat.”
    He maintained, “I was not given any remuneration or cash by the Sheikh but I know that camel jockeys are paid between 800 and 2,000 dirhams a month and 50 to 100 dirhams for winning a race.”
    Shafiq elaborated that he took part in around 70 camel races. Many children died during the races when they fell off from the camels. “I am one of the lucky ones, who were recovered from the clutches of the Sheikh in 2005 due to the joint efforts of the Pakistani and UAE governments.”
    Bitter truth
    When Shafiq returned from UAE, none of his relatives came to receive him and he had nowhere to go. He was handed over to the Child Protection and Welfare Bureau, Lahore.  “I lived there till the age of 18 years. Although, there was a school in the CPWB but I could not get education due to my weak mental condition.”
    He said, “Consequently, I was provided laundry training in the CPWB and was given the assignment of the laundry boy.”
    He remarked, “In the meantime, I tried to contact my relatives but everyone was hesitant to talk and provide accommodation to me.”
    Shafiq informed  the media, “I have filed a case in the court against my aunt for the recovery of money which is pending. However, I have received an amount of Rs1.1 million from the Dubai government and I will use the money to get settled and intend to continue my laundry job at CPWB.”

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    Item Reviewed: Kidnapped children sold into slavery as camel racers Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Abdul Sattar Qamar